LIAG / Institute / Departments / Seismic, Gravimetry, and Magnetics 

Seismic, Gravimetry, and Magnetics

Our department carries out research regarding the application of seismic, gravimetric, and magnetic methods, as well as the complementary inclusion of structural geological analysis of the upper part of the Earth's crust: its structure, the processes creating and modifying the crust, as well as the critical geophysical parameters for these processes.

Departmental responsibilities

The aim is to investigate geological structures and fault systems, and to understand their variability on several scales to enable the sustainable use of underground geological formations. Our primarily application-oriented research activities are mainly focused on measuring and analysis of processes involved in mass movement and deformation, which give rise to modifications of the methodology-relevant geophysical parameters. The long-term objective is to establish viable forecasts concerning changes in underground zones capable of being utilised and influenced by human activity, for instance communication between reservoirs, the assessment of georisks, and processes, which give rise to landscape changes. This work is complemented by the development of surveying technologies and advanced evaluation methods, and modelling of the observed deformation.

We also participate in basic research activities whenever the department's expertise is able to significantly contribute to the success of scientific projects.

to the Research Fields of the department

Selected current projects

  • REgine Details Geophysical-geological based reservoir engineering for deep-seated carbonates
  • DOVE - Drilling Overdeepened Alpine Valleys Details Glacially overdeepened Alpine valleys as climate archives (ICDP)
  • The Brenner base tunnel (BBT) natural laboratory Details From cross-section construction over fabric and elastic anisotropy analysis to 4D structural modeling (DFG)
  • LUNAR, Der letzte Impuls  Details Datierung der jüngsten Verformungen in den Alpen mit ESR-Thermochronometrie (DFG)
  • Multi-component seismics in overdeepened alpine valleys Details Reflection seismic in the Tannwald basin (Baden-Württemberg) and Lienz basin (Tyrol) in the frame of the ICDP project 'Drilling Overdeepend Alpine Valleys - DOVE (DFG)
  • Structural characterization and dating of an active strike-slip fault that passes from bedrock into unconsolidated sediments (DFG)
  • starting soon: Seismic crosshole tomography as contribution to understand sedimentation processes in glacially-overdeepened valleys (DFG)
  • The neotectonic evolution of the Osning Lineament derived from near-surface reflection seismic data Details (DFG)

all projects of the department

Current publications

  • Gravity as a tool to improve the hydrologic mass budget in karstic areas. - Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS), 25: 6001-6021.
    2021, PIVETTA, T., BRAITENBERG, C., GABROVŠEK, F., GABRIEL, G. & MEURERS, B.
  • Cavity detection by SH-wave Full Waveform Inversion - A reflection-focused approach. - Geophysics, 86 (3): 1MJ-WA152.
    2021, MECKING, R.; KÖHN, D., MEINECKE, M., RABBEL, W.
  • The Yigma Tepe of Pergamon: Internal construction of a monumental burial mound from shear wave reflection sounding and wavefield modelling. - Archaeological Prospection, 28 (1): 221-249.
    2021, MECKING, R., MEINECKE, M., ERKUL, E., PIRSON, F., RABBEL, W.
  • Seismic monitoring of permafrost in Svalbard, Arctic. Seismological Research Letters, XX, 1–14.
    2021, ALBARIC, J., KUEHN, D., OHRNBERGER, D., LANGET, N., HARRIS, D., POLOM, U., LECOMTE, I., HILLERS, G.
  • Dynamics of hydrological and geomorphological processes in evaporite karst at the eastern Dead Sea – a multidisciplinary study. Hydrology and Earth System Science (HESS), 25, 6: 3351–3395.
    2021, AL-HALBOUNI, D., WATSON, R., HOLOHAN, E.P., MEYER, R., POLOM, U., DOS SANTOS, F.M., COMAS, X., ALRSHDAN, H., KRAWCZYK, C.M., AND DAHM, T.
  • Late to post-Variscan basement segmentation and differential exhumation along the SW Bohemian Massif, central Europe. - Solid Earth, 12: 2277-2301.
    2021, EBERTS, A., FAZLIKHANI, H., BAUER, W., STOLLHOFEN, H., DE WALL, H. & GABRIEL, G.
  • Geostatistical mapping of the depth to the bottom of magnetic sources and heat flow estimations in Mexico. - Geothermics, 97: 102225.
    2021, CARRILLO DE LA CRUZ, J.L., PROL-LEDESMA, R.M. & GABRIEL, G.
  • The first pan-Alpine surface gravity database, a modern compilation that crosses frontiers. - Earth System Science Data (ESSD), 13: 2165-2209.
    2021, ZAHOREC, P., PAPČO, J., PAŠTEKA, R., BIELIK, M., BONVALOT, S., BRAITENBERG, C., EBBING, J., GABRIEL, G., GOSAR, A., GRAND, A., GÖTZE, H.-J., HETÉNYI, G., HOLZRICHTER, N., KISSLING, E., MARTI, U., MEURERS, B., MRLINA, J., NOGOVÁ, E., PASTORUTTI, A., SCARPONI, M., SEBERA, J., SEOANE, L., SKIBA, P., SZÛCS, E. & VARGA, M.
  • P- and S-wave reflection profiling for near-surface investigation of glacial sediments. - Journal of Applied Geophysics, 183, 104216.
    2020, TAMIRU, G. & WIEDERHOLD, H.

Head of department

Prof. Dr. Gerald Gabriel
+49 511 643-3510

Staff

Knowledge and technology transfer & data infrastructure