LIAG / Research / Projects / Third-party funded projects / Deep Electromagnetic Sounding for Mineral EXploration (DESMEX) 2 

Deep Electromagnetic Sounding for Mineral EXploration (DESMEX) 2

Anwendung einer neuen semi-airborne CSEM Erkundungsmethode für Erzlagerstätten

The joint research project DESMEX (Deep Electromagnetic Soundings for Mineral EXploration) is founded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) project r4 to develop a semi-airborne controlled-source electromagnetic (CSEM) exploration system for deep mineral deposits up to 1 km depth. In particular, two ground based electric dipole transmitters are used in parallel to provide strong signals for flight areas with 6x8 km dimensions. For optimum signal quality, two novel receiver systems – one SQUID based magnetometer and an induction coil – are applied and referenced with several ground stations. The measurements scheme is illustrated in Fig. 1.

In the first phase of the joint project the main focus was on the realization of the new method and the demonstration at two locations (Antimone deposit in Schleiz, Iron ore deposit in Kiruna, Sweden). Main work program in the subproject at LIAG was, besides preinvestigation and contribution to main experiments, the development of a frequency-domain finite-element modelling code for arbitrary CSEM setups.

See also DESMEX 1 page.

    In the second phase of the project we wil demonstrate the effectiveness of the method to a number of deposits (Kropfmühl, Gosetal, Bad Grund, Schweden, Namibia), also by using new sensor types (OPM), measurements (AFMAG) and drones as alternative to helicopter. Main working tasks at LIAG are:

    • incorporation of induced polarization effects into the modelling code and modelling studies
    • extending the frequency-domain code for efficient simulations in time domain 
    • development of an inversion code for CSEM data and its application to acquired field data
    • pre-investigation and contribution to field campaigns
    • test and application of the new drone EM system

    Publications from the project

    • Comparison of novel semi-airborne electromagnetic data with multi-scale geophysical, petrophysical and geological data from Schleiz, Germany. - Journal of Applied Geophysics, 182, 104172.
      2020, STEUER, S., SMIRNOVA, M., BECKEN, M., SCHIFFLER, M., GÜNTHER, T., ROCHLITZ, R., YOGESHWAR, P., MÖRBE, W., SIEMON, B., COSTABEL, S., PREUGSCHAT, B., IBS-VON SEHT, M. ZAMPA, L.S. & MÜLLER, F.
    • DESMEX: A novel system development for semi-airborne electromagnetic exploration. - Geophysics,. early online.
      2020, BECKEN, M., NITTINGER, C., SMIRNOVA, M., STEUER, A:, MARTIN, T., PETERSEN, H., MEYER, U., MÖRBE, W., YOGESHWAR, P., TEZKAN, B., MATZANDER, U., FRIEDRICHS, B., ROCHLITZ, R., GÜNTHER, T., SCHIFFLER, M., STOLZ, R.& THE DESMEX WORKGROUP
    • A novel semi-airborne frequency-domain CSEM system. Three-dimensional inversion of semi-airborne data from the flight experiment over an ancient mining area near Schleiz, Germany - Geophysics, 84 (5): E281-E292.
      2019, SMIRNOVA, M.V., BECKEN, M., NITTINGER, C., YOGESHWAR, P., MÖRBE, W., ROCHLITZ, R., STEUER, A., COSTABEL, S., SMIRNOV, M.Y. AND THE DESMEX WORKING GROUP.
    • custEM: customizable finite element simulation of complex controlled-source electromagnetic models. - Geophysics, 84(2), F17-F33.
      2019, ROCHLITZ, R., SKIBBE, N. & GÜNTHER, T.
    • Capability of low-temperature SQUID for transient electromagnetics under anthropogenic noise conditions. - Geophysics 83(6), E371-383.
      2018, ROCHLITZ, R., QUEITSCH, M., YOGESHWAR, P., GÜNTHER, T., CHWALA, A., JANSER, S., KUKOWSKI, N. & STOLZ, R.

    Team

    Project Scientist
    Dr. Raphael Rochlitz

    Project lead
    Dr. Thomas Günther

    Funding

    Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) in the frame of the program Fona-r4

    Duration:

    01.03.2015-28.02.2019